Full Information History of Fashion Design

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Fashion is the most general term, applied to any mode of dress, conduct, writing, or form preferred at any time or place.

#History of Fashion Design -:

The history of fashion design specifically refers to the development of clothes, shoes, and accessories and the intent and purpose behind their design and production. The modern industry, based on firms or fashion houses run by individual manufacturers, began in the 19th century with Charles Frederickworth.

Fashion started when people started wearing clothes. These clothes were usually made from the skins and bones of plants and animals. The division between haute couture and ready-to-wear did not exist before the mid-19th century. But the most basic pieces of women's clothing were made by dressmakers and seamstresses who worked directly with customers. The clothes were designed, sewn and often made at home. When storefronts began to sell ready-made clothes, the burden of housework removed this need.

The patterns of these garments were based on printed designs, especially from Paris, this was widespread throughout Europe and looked forward to in the provinces and the tailor would then interpret these patterns as best he could. At the core of the design were clothes made by the most fashionable celebrities, often at court, who had their tailors and tailors. Although decorated dolls from France had existed since the 16th century, and Abraham Boas produced fashionable engravings in the 1620s, trends changed in the 1780s with the increasing publication of French engravings depicting the latest Parisian styles. The pace was fast. , followed by movement. Cabinet des Modes and other magazines. In the 1800s, all Western Europeans dressed (or thought) alike; Native varieties first became symbols of provincial culture and later symbols of the conservative farmer.

In the early 20th century, fashion magazines and newspapers began to include rotogravure photographs which had an impact. These periodicals were in great demand around the world and had a profound impact on public interest. Talented illustrators – Paul Iribe, Georges Lepape, Erte, and Georges Barbier – created eye-catching fashion plates for these publications, showcasing the latest developments in fashion and beauty. Perhaps the most famous of these was La Gazette du Bon Ton, founded in 1912 by Lucius Vogel and published regularly until 1925.

Before 1900: Beginning of Couture:-


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Beginning in the 18th century, the first fashion designers emerged as fashion pioneers. In the 1720s, François Leclerc, the queen's tailor, became a favorite of the French aristocracy, and by mid-century Marie Madeleine Duchamp, Madame Alexandre, and Le Sieur Boulard all achieved national recognition and influence from the French aristocracy to the foreign elite. expanded customer base. However, Rose Bertin is generally considered to be the first fashion designer to achieve international fame.

It depended on Bertini's careful planning to help the exotic Marie Antoinette "fight the enemies of style" at the French court. Marie Antoinette's distinctive fashion choices, such as masculine riding breeches as opposed to elaborate gowns or simple muslin dresses, were partly because the queen wanted to create a persona that French citizens could relate to their lifestyle, however, Marie Antoinette's efforts were largely unsuccessful. how Bertin uniquely helped the Queen express herself through fashion and has since inspired princes and their designers, such as Louis for example Hippolyte Leroy. By the early 19th century, designers such as Anne Margaret Lanchester and Mary Ann Bell were expanding their businesses and publishing their designs in fashion magazines. Fashionable Parisian designers in the first half of the 19th century, such as Madame Vignon, Madame Victorine, and Madame Palmieri, generally did not. To independently design products that their customers can buy, but also to collaborate with your customers and create a desire for the product..., to produce something unique.

#In 1900s Fashion :-


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Clothes worn by fashionable women in the Belle Age (1871–1914) resembled those worn by fashion pioneer Charles Worth in his heyday. By the end of the 19th century, wealthy women had broadened their horizons for more stable independent lifestyles and practical clothing. the fashion industry. Upholstered style. Changes in fashion were unpredictable, so clothing changed from one season to another using different jewelry.

Visual extravagance and conspicuous consumption defined the fashion of the decade, and the carefully constructed S-curve silhouette was fashionable until about 1908. Raised padding in front of the bust of the S-curve corset Eve's shape bodice was worn to match the dress and created a distinctive "S" silhouette that was completely independent of the special corset. It was confusing. At the end of the decade, Paul Poiret introduced designs that did not include petticoats or corsets, causing the S shape to fall out of fashion. This was a big change as corsets had shaped women’s waists since the Renaissance.

#In 1910s Fashion :-


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Fashionable silhouettes in the early 1910s became more flexible, flowing, and soft than in the 19th century. When Scheherazade was performed by Ballet Rousseau in Paris in 1910, a frenzy of Orientalism broke out. One of the first designers to translate this into the fashion world was designer Paul Poiret. Poiret’s clients were instantly transformed into harem girls wearing trousers, turbans kimonos, and brightly colored exotic geishas. Poiret also created the first dress that women could wear without the help of a maid.

It was during this time that the Art Deco movement began to emerge, and its influence was evident in the designs of many designers of the time. In the 19th century, the popular hat style was replaced by a plain cap, turban, and tulle cloud. It's also worth mentioning that the first real fashion show during this period was organized by Jean Paquin, one of the first female designers, and the first Parisian designer to open overseas branches in London, Buenos Aires, and Madrid

Two of the most influential fashion designers of the time were Jacques Doucet and Mariano Fortuny. Doucet was a master of layering pastels, and her elaborate rubber dresses suggested a stunning glow of reflected light. His typical clientele never lost interest in his fluid lines and challenging subdued materials. Devoted to necessities, leaving little to the designer's imagination, Douxet was nevertheless a designer of great taste and discernment, and many have played such a role since, but rarely with Doucet's success

Clothing changes during the First World War were driven by necessity rather than fashion. As more and more women were forced to work, they looked for clothes that suited their new jobs. Mainly to mourn the increasing number of deaths due to work and to visit the wounded, social events were suspended, under unexpected circumstances, so that the usual intensity of the time softened and a new monochromatic unknown appeared for the youth. Fashionable skirts in 1915 were ankle-length and mid-calf in the 1920s.

The Golden Age of French Fashion:-

Often considered the golden age of French fashion, the two world wars were a time of great change and reform. Haute couture found new clients in the form of movie actresses, American heiresses, and the wives and daughters of wealthy industrialists.


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#In 1920s Fashion :-

There was a radical change in the fashion industry after the First World War. Instead of short bouffants, there was a bouffant hairstyle, and instead of knee-high stilettos, there was a long train dress. Corsets were abandoned and women preferred to borrow clothes from men's wardrobe and dress like children. While many designers were initially reluctant to adopt this new androgynous style, by 1925 they had fully embraced it. No-fuss, waistless silhouettes emerged and aggressive fabric flourishes were softened with boas, embroidery, and accessories. became very popular among young women.

The great fashion designer Coco Chanel was a major figure in fashion at the time, her attractive and progressive designs as well as her magnetic personality helped me popularize the bob hairstyle, little black dress, and jacket in Chanel women's clothing. This also improved the condition of textiles and weaving.

Two other prominent French designers of the 1920s were Jean Lanvin and Jean Patou. Jeanne Lanvin, who began her career as a milliner, created dresses so beautiful for her young daughter, Margaret, that people began asking for copies of them. The Lanvin Fashion Yearbook dates back to 1901, but it reached the peak of its success in the 1920s. The Lanvin style embraced the look of the time with intricate embellishments, dazzling embroidery, and skillful use of colorful beads.

Jean Patou's style was never simple, but full of originality and characterized by a studied simplicity, which made him particularly famous in his American markets, with many of his clothes being characterized by clean lines and geometric and naturalistic shapes. Yes, I was young. This style was designed to please fashionistas, and the most famous proponent of this style, to whom there was a likeness, was the famous tennis champion Suzanne Lenglen.

Particularly among Americans, men's clothing became informal, reflecting a fashion that emphasized youth and comfort. Previously, well-dressed gentlemen would wear different clothes for each event of the day, but in the 1920s, young men were not afraid to show off their youth, replacing the long, antique jackets of old with soft wool suits. And he started wearing shorts. , About costumes. Day. left. He began wearing a jacket, which was now worn only on official occasions. A variety of men's sports clothing was available, including sweaters and shorts, commonly known as shorts. The shorter tuxedo was more fashionable for evening wear, which now seems a bit outdated. This London cut, created by the English tailor Scholte, was known for its slim lines, loose sleeves, and padded shoulders.

#In 1930s fashion :-

Fashion became more assertive, aspiring to a triumphant defense of feminism while rediscovering subtle and confident elegance and sophistication. In general, dress in the 1930s was somber and somber, reflecting the difficult social and economic conditions of that decade. During the 1920s, women's fashion changed completely from an adventurous style to a more romantic feminine image. Waistlines were restored, hemlines were lowered to the ankles, the bust was re-emphasized, and backless evening dresses and soft, tight day dresses became popular, giving a new look to the female body. More neoclassical shapes and lean, shapely athletic bodies were created. Rate. The fashion for outdoor activities inspired fashion designers to wear what is now called "sportswear". The term "ready-to-wear" was not yet widely used, but boutiques described such garments as "for play". Instead of a haircut, the standard female hairstyle in the 1930s was a modest, short perm.

Mid-twentieth century:-

After World War II, Paris' reputation as a global fashion center began to fade. The 1950s saw the emergence of a new youthful style that changed the focus of fashion. In the West, the traditional division between high society and the working class was challenged The younger generation, in particular, wanted to take advantage of the rapidly growing consumer society. Privileges were less overtly advertised than before, and distinctions were more hidden. As ancient European hierarchies collapsed, outward signs of distinction faded. By the time the first rocket was launched into space, Europe was ready to embrace quality ready-to-wear along American lines – this need to find a middle ground between casual and couture was greater because handmade fashion of price overhead and... marginalized with the rise of RAW. The cost of goods. Meanwhile, the rapid development of new technologies has made it easier to produce high-quality products in continuous improvement.

Faced with the threat of factory-made, fashion-based products, Parisian haute couture defended itself to no avail. As the Old World was on its last legs, changes in fashion were one of the most visible manifestations of general upheaval in society. Very soon, women hitherto confined to the upper echelons will have more freedom of choice. The sheer volume of work made the production cycle much longer than in a fashion workshop, meaning designers planning their lines for twice-a-year collections had to try to anticipate them more than a year in advance. They had to do what their customers wanted. A new power had taken over – the power of the street, posing another threat to the dictatorship of fashion.

In 1940s Fashion :-

Since 1940, military personnel had to have clothing; It was rationed for everyone else so that no more than four meters (thirteen feet) of fabric could be used for coats, a little more than one meter (three feet) for blouses, any belt used 3 centimeters (half). inches) not to exceed. wide. , from housewives to designers, everyone was forced to reuse old clothes or create new styles from old clothes.

In 1950s Fashion :-

Continuity, support, and flight in the face of logic and scholarly sociological predictions, far from being fashionable and revolutionary progressive in the 1950s, entire societies that believed strongly in the 1920s and 1930s progress used in previous decades are now very.. . were more cautious. Although women had the right to vote, work, and drive their cars, they still preferred to wear luxurious materials, including corset waists and mid-calf length skirts, then there was something of a resurgence in fashion and Countless stars have given birth to designers, which have benefited from the rapid growth of media

In the 1950s, although it was the last time, women around the world were adopting Parisian haute couture.

Pierre Balmain opened his salon in 1945. In early 1952 he experienced his greatest success with the collection of the ‘Jolie Madame’ series. Balmain's vision of elegantly dressed women was distinctly Parisian and featured glamor by the "New Look," featuring imaginative combinations with wide busts, narrow waists full skirts, and cuts subtle. Color combinations included mastery. of the cloth. The luxurious aesthetic, simple tailoring, and more natural looks kept their sophisticated customers equally at home. Alongside her high fashion work, the talented businesswoman launched the ready-to-wear range Florilez and also launched several highly successful perfumes.
Hollywood designers have created a certain kind of glamor for American film stars, and the costumes worn by stars like Marilyn Monroe, Lauren Bacall, and Grace Kelly have been copied, to a large extent, by actresses in Hollywood films. Pictures of designer-designed dresses in magazines will have a far larger audience than designer-designed dresses. More than a few thousand people didn’t read it.

In 1960s Fashion :- 

In the 1960s, Paris was considered the center of fashion all over the world. Between 1960 and 1969, however, the basic structure of fashion changed radically. Since the 1960s there has never been just one major trend or fad, but a variety of possibilities, all inextricably linked to various influences in other areas of people's lives.
After 30 years of conservative clothing styles, the 1920s and 60s saw a comeback, as at the beginning of the decade women returned to boyish looks with short haircuts and gradually less modest clothing, including knee-length skirts also included, long but shorter and shorter until shorter skirts appeared. 1965. By the end of the decade, their stocking tops had grown larger, making a change to tights inevitable

In 1970s Fashion :- 

Perhaps the two most innovative French fashion designers of the 1970s were Kenzo Takada and Sonia Rykiel. couple. Subverting the fashion world with her innovative embellishments on fabric, queen of patterned knitwear Sonia Rykiel created the first pearl knit sweater in 1974. She also created a line of highly customized, but flowing black knit fabrics. Deep ones that wore just about anywhere could have been. , 9. The Rykiel style, dominated by rhinestones, long boa scarves, and short crochet hats, took the American market by storm, and Rykiel is still considered by many Americans to be the true heir to Chanel

In the United States, the general fashion trend was toward simplification and longer skirts, although many women reacted negatively to mid-length skirts, trousers were unanimously accepted in old age. of the United States. the textile industry. Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren more or less emerged from obscurity to address the issue of menswear and womenswear design in the New World. Two opposing movements dominated fashion in the United States in the 1970s. On the one hand, it had a sleek, both gender look; The 1930s, on the other hand, were characterized by a flowing, unstructured style with a strong sense of glamour. An influential American designer of the time, Roy Halston Frowick (known simply as Halston), falls into the latter category. His kaftans, shirts, jellas, ultra-light shift dresses, tunics and shorts worn over wide-legged trousers were emblematic of the era, and he was the one who opened his VIP room at Studio 54 in 1977 and 1999.

The development of Italian fashion during this period is also important. As a result of the ready-to-wear industry in the 1970s, Milan affirmed its status as the second international fashion center after Paris. ‘Alta Moda’ preferred Rome, which was the base for designers such as Valentino, Cappucci, and Zion. Italy benefited from strong anti-fashion trends, exploiting fragmented styles, and promoting a glamor that had nothing to do with the direction of Parisian haute couture.

End of the twentieth century:-

At the end of the 20th century, fashion began to break international boundaries. Popular Western styles have been adopted around the world and many designers from outside the West have greatly influenced fashion. Synthetic materials such as lycra/lacquer and silk threads were widely used, and fashion looked to the future for two decades and turned to the past for inspiration.

In 1980s Fashion :-

Society in the 1980s did not criticize itself for being consumerist, but rather was interested in 'spectacle'. The self-conscious image of the decade was so good for the fashion industry that it may never recover. Fashion shows have become media-saturated spectacles that have high priority on the social calendar and often on television shows. Form was about performance that mattered to a whole generation of urban professionals whose desire to be seen as work was linked to the desire for power. The disco music of this decade faded rapidly, by which time the last vestiges of 1970s fashion had disappeared.

In the 1980s, the mullet became the standard haircut for men, and women wore large square-cut perms, although there were many variations between the two, gymnastics was very popular in the 80s, so leggings and headbands were back in style. He went.

In the 1980s, many promising innovators entered the fashion scene. A technician extraordinaire working at Patou also impressed the press and customers with his 'Gamchha' suit. Made from a square piece of fabric, when you came to install it, it turned out to be much more complicated than it first appeared. Her costumes for many Paris festivals in the 1980s were vibrant, all basic fluid styles, minimal cut and tailoring. The queen of beautiful stockings and lace, Chantal Thomas gained a devoted following for her beautiful lingerie and evening wear, night boy Pauline was one of the first designers to promote the serious, simple, and effective look in clothes and vice versa.

In the 1990s Fashion :-

Unlike the 1970s and 1980s, fashion slavery was not prevalent in the 1990s. All fear of wearing less was replaced by fear of wearing more. The 1990s saw the appearance of fashion couture, a new standard unified around a style of extreme minimalism and simplicity. Despite the great efforts of some designers to show embellishment, by the end of the decade, the notion of embellishment had practically disappeared from the style of the product, and its publicity in the media became crucial to its success and image. The economic pressures of this decade severely affected the development of new talent and reduced the autonomy of established designers.

Fashion in the second half of the 20th century was addressing issues that fashion had not addressed before. Topics included rape, disability, religious fight, passing, and body modification. left. She came in a hurry. , without facial makeup. Clothes from ready-to-wear retailers like The Gap, Banana Republic, and Eddie Bauer perfectly meet the needs of women who want retro clothes inspired by the 1960s and 1970s, inspired by the 1990s and decades were extremely fashionable. popular were looking for comfortable and fitting is talked about.

21st Century:-

In 2000s Fashion :-

Fashion of the 2000s is often described as global fusion, where trends saw a blend of vintage styles, global ethnic apparel as well as fashions from many music-based subcultures, generally hip for all genders -Hop Fashion. Then came the retro-inspired indies at the end of the decade.

Generally, 25-year-olds and above chose casual clothing styles that remained popular for decades. Globalization also influenced the clothing trends of the decade, with European, American, and Australian staples including Middle Eastern and Asian fabrics, as well as ethically sourced eco-friendly clothing such as recycled fashion and eco-friendly Fox Fur.

In the early, mid, and late 1990s, many fashion trends were in vogue, and new ones were introduced worldwide. Later years of the decade witnessed a large-scale resurgence of textile production, mainly in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.

In 2010s fashion :-


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The 2010s include hipster fashion, athleisure, thrift-era pieces, and a resurgence of alternative fashion, inspired by swag-inspired clothing, 1980s-style streetwear, and grunge and both gender skater fashions of the 1990s. The Western world of the decade affected by the elements has seen an increase in the number of social media influencers paid to promote fast fashion brands on Pinterest and Instagram.

In 2020s Fashion -:

The fashion of the 2020s represents a departure from the fashion of the 2010s and provides nostalgia for older aesthetics. They are mostly inspired by styles from the early to mid-2000s, late 1990s, 1980s, 1970s, and 1960s. At the beginning of the decade, some publications showed small trends and gloomy cycles in the 2020s.

In the 2020s, many companies, including existing fast fashion giants like Shane and Teemu, are using social media platforms like TikTok and Instagram as marketing tools. Marketing strategies involving third parties, especially influencers and celebrities, have become mainstream strategies. E-commerce platforms that promote small businesses, such as Depop, and Etsy, may evolve to offer vintage, homemade, or resale clothing for individual sellers.


Fashion is the most general term, applied to any mode of dress, conduct, writing, or form preferred at any time or place.