Full Information Of Makar Sankranti Pongal

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This day marks the change of seasons: the end of winter and the beginning of hot and humid days.

Makar Sankranti -:

Makar Sankranti, also known as Uttarayan, Makar or simply Sankranti, is a Hindu tradition and festival. This event, which usually falls on January 14 each year (January 15 in leap years), marks the Sun's transition from Sagittarius to Capricorn (Makara). As the sun has undergone this shift, which corresponds to its movement from south to north, the festival is dedicated to the sun god Surya and is celebrated as a new beginning. Several multi-day festivals are organized in India on this occasion.

Festivals associated with Makar Sankranti are known by various names such as Makar Sankranti in Kerala, Magh Bihu in Assam, Maghi Saji in Himachal Pradesh, Maghi Sangrand in Punjab, Maghi Sangrand or Uttarayan (Uttarayan) in Jammu, Haryana in Rajasthan Sakraat. .... Socrates is, Sukra in Central India, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Uttarayan in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, Ghaghuti in Uttarakhand, Dahi Chura in Bihar, Makar Sankranti (called Paush Sankranti or Mokor Sonkranti in Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, West Bengal called ) ), Uttar Pradesh (called Khichidi Sankranti), Uttarakhand (also called Uttarayani) or simply, Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, Maghe Sankranti (Nepal), Songkran (Thailand), Thingyan (Myanmar), Mohan Songkran (Cambodia), To Sakrat in Mithila and Sishur Senkrath (Kashmir). Surya (Hindu Sun God) is worshiped across India along with Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi on Makar Sankranti.

Makar Sankranti is celebrated with beautiful decorations, village children going from house to house, singing, and in some places asking for gifts, mela (fair), dancing, kite flying, bonfires, and social gatherings like parties. The Hindu epic Mahabharata mentions the Magh Mela. Many spectators go to sacred rivers or lakes and bathe in a ceremony to thank the sun. Every twelfth year, Hindus celebrate Makar Sankranti with the Kumbh Mela, one of the largest festivals in the world, and the event attracts between 60 million and 100 million people. On this occasion he prays to the sun and takes a bath in the Prayagraj camp on the Ganga and Yamuna rivers, the rituals of Adi Shankaracharya. Makar Sankranti is a time of celebration and thanksgiving and is marked by various rituals and ceremonies.

To change the date:-

Makar Sankranti is determined by the solar cycle and corresponds to the astronomical event at the exact time of sunset in Capricorn and is celebrated on a date that is usually January 14 in the Gregorian calendar, but most years. on 15 January. The date and time of Makar Sankranti corresponds to the navel time in Capricorn (when the sun sets).

A year is 365.24 days and the time difference between two consecutive Makar Sankranti events is equal to one year. There are 365 days in a year. Therefore, every four years the calendar loses a day, which is changed by adding a leap day (February 29). Hence, Makar Sankranti falls on January 15 every year. Capricorn's sidereal time also increases by one day due to the leap year. Similarly, the time of the equinox changes by one day every four years. For example, the September equinox does not fall on the same day every year, nor does the winter solstice. In each case, the date will change by four years due to the revolution of the earth around the sun. Similar changes can be observed in the exact timing of the solstices and equinoxes. Look at the table to see how the equinoxes and solstices rise and fall over four years.

In terms of winter time, the time difference between two consecutive winter seasons is about 5 hours 49 minutes 59 seconds and the time difference between two consecutive Makar Sankranti is about 6 hours 10 minutes. There have been many Makar Sankranti celebrations on 15 January in four years in the late 21st century. And in 2102, the first Makar Sankranti will be on January 16 because 2100 will not be a leap year.

Makar Sankranti and Northern Moon :-

The Capricorn is observed when the sun measures 270° from the fixed starting point near Spica, viz. It’s a side measure. The northern hemisphere begins when the solar radiation measured from the equator is 270° [25] i.e. it is the equator. Although both refer to measurements of 270°, they have different starting points. So Makar Sankranti and Uttarayan are on different days. According to the Gregorian calendar, Makar Sankranti falls on January 14 or 15; Uttarayan starts in December.

Due to prior equilibrium, the tropical signs (meaning all equinoxes and solstices) move about 1 ° every 72 years, resulting in the December solstice (Uttarayana) continuing but moving slower than the Capricorn solstice. On the other hand, the December solstice (Uttarayan) and Makar solstice probably coincided with the long distance at the same time.


Makar Sankranti is celebrated in January every year. The festival is dedicated to the Hindu sun god.[3] [26] This meaning of the sun is found in Vedic literature, especially in the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred Hindu hymn in the Rig Veda.

Makar Sankranti is considered important for spiritual functions and hence, people take holy baths in rivers, especially Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery. Bathing is supposed to get rid of virtues or past sins. He also prays to the Sun and thanks him for success and prosperity. A common practice among Hindus from various parts of India is to make sweet, sticky sweets, especially from til (sesame) and Chinese jaggery (gur, gur, phool). Such sweets symbolize individuals living together in peace and happiness despite their uniqueness and differences. In most parts of India, this is the time of the rabi harvest and the beginning of the agricultural season, when crops are planted and hard work is done in the fields. So this season is a time of togetherness and families enjoy bonding, caring for animals, and celebrating around the fire, the festival is celebrated in flight in Gujarat.

Makar Sankranti is an important solar festival in India, it is known by different names, although on the same date, sometimes celebrated several days around Makar Sankranti. It is known as Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh, Makar Sankranti in Karnataka, Telangana, and Maharashtra, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Magh Bihu in Assam, Magh Mela in central and northern parts of India, Makar Sankranti in the West, Makar Sankranti in the South.  East and others. Shankaranti, and by other names in Kerala.

Nomenclature and territorial names:-

 Makar Sankranti is celebrated in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, with some regional variations. It is known by different names and celebrated with different customs in different Indian states and South Asian countries:

Sankranti, Makar Sankranti, Makar Sankranti, Pedda Panduga: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana.

Pusna: West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya.

Suggy Habba, Makar Sankranti, Makar Sankranti: Karnataka.

Makar Sankranti, Uttarayana or Ghughuti: Uttarakhand

Makar Sankranti or Makar Mela and Makar Chaula: Odisha

Makar Sankranti or Sankranti or Shankaranti: Kerala.

Makar Sankranti or Dahi Chura or To Sankranti: Mithila Bihar

Makar Sankranti, Maghi Sankranti, Haldi Kumkum or Sankranti: Maharashtra, Jammu, Goa, Nepal

Hungary: Tripura.

Uttarayan: Gujarat

Wanted: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh Punjab

Magh Bihu or Bhogli Bihu: Assam

Shishur Hybrid: Valley of Kashmir.

Sakrat or Khichdi: Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar

Paush Sankranti: West Bengal, Bangladesh

Thila Sakrat: Mithila

Tirumuri: Pakistan

In most regions of India, Sankranti celebrations last from two to four days, and each day is celebrated with different names and rituals.

Regional differences and customs:-

It is celebrated in different ways across the Indian subcontinent. Many people bathe at places like Gangesagar and pray to Surya (sun). The festival is celebrated with great fanfare in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Karnataka (Pongal in Tamil Nadu), and South India like Maghi in Punjab.

Several meals or gatherings are held on the day of Makar Sankranti, the most famous of which is the Kumbh Mela, which is held every 12 years at one of the four holy places of Magh Mela, Haridwar, Prayag (Prayagraj), Ujjain and Nashik. . . (or mini Kumbh Mela) is organized. annually in Prayag) and the Gangasagar Mela (held at the mouth of the Ganges, where it flows into the Bay of Bengal). Makar Mela in Odisha. Tusu Mela, known as Tusu Porab, is celebrated in many parts of Jharkhand and West Bengal. The Paush Mela, traditionally held on the seventh day of Paush in Shantiniketan, West Bengal, is not associated with this festival. A Maghi Mela is held every year at Muktsar Sahib in Punjab to commemorate the forty Sikh martyrs (Chalis Muktas) who gave their lives to protect Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism. Before this tradition, this festival was observed and celebrated by the third Guru of Sikhism, Guru Amar Das.

Haryana to Delhi -:

In rural areas of Haryana and Delhi, "Sankranti" is celebrated with traditional Hindu traditions of northern India, as is the case in western Uttar Pradesh and the border areas of Rajasthan and Punjab. These include sanctuaries on rivers, especially the Yamuna, or on ancient lakes, sacred lakes such as Kurukshetra, and local pilgrimage lakes associated with the village's ancestral pattern, called Jathera or Dhoka (Dahak or Dahak Inn). ritual in Sanskrit). Purification uses light fire in the villages to cleanse the sins. People make khir, churma, and halwa in desi ghee and distribute til-gur laddu or chikki. The bride's relatives come to her house with wooden decorations and warm clothes, they are called "Sindhara" or "Sidha" because she and her husband's family. Women give gifts called "manna" to their in-laws. Women gathered in nearby houses to sing traditional Haryanvi songs and exchange gifts.

Uttar Pradesh -:

The festival is known as Kicheri in the Purvanchal and Awadh regions of Uttar Pradesh and includes a ritual bath. More than 2 million people have gathered at holy places like Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh and Varanasi and Haridwar in Uttarakhand for the holy baths. In the family, the day begins with a pre-sunrise bath and sunrise worship. It includes a vow to give food, clothing, and money to a Brahmin called a priest. The women, such as married daughters, sisters-in-law, and their families, are then given gifts of food, clothes, jewelry, and money. After worship, sesame seeds, jaggery, chiura, and yogurt are eaten. This is followed by porridge (hence the local name of the festival) as the next meal.


Makar Sankranti is a famous festival in Uttarakhand. It is known by different names in different parts of the state like Uttarayani, Kichri Sangrand, Pusyodia, Ghughutia, Ghughuti Tyar, Kale Kauwa, Makrain, Makrani, Ghora, Gwalada and Chunyatyar.

Makar Sankranti (also known as Ghughuti Ghughuti Tyar Ghughutiya Black Crow or Uttarayani) is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. Bageshwar town hosts the famous Uttarayani Mela (fair) on the occasion of Makar Sankranti in January every year. According to the Almora Gazetteer, even in the early 20th century, the Uttarayani festival in Bageshwar attracted about 15,000 people every year and was the largest festival in the Kumaon region. The religious activities of Uttarayani Mela include bathing at the confluence of Sarayu and Gomti before sunset and offering water to Lord Shiva at Bagnath Temple. Those who are more religiously inclined continue the practice for three consecutive days known as 'Trimghi'. On this day, people offer 'khichdi' (food made of grains and rice) as alms, bathe in the holy river, participate in the Uttarayani Mela, and offer fried food made of flour and crow and other Brave for the birds. There is dessert. Ways to pay tribute to your dead ancestors.

Nepal -:

Magh Sankranti is a Nepali festival celebrated on the first day of Magha according to the Vikram Sambat (BS) calendar (around January 14). The Tharu people celebrate this special day as the New Year. The biggest annual festival declared by the government is also celebrated in the Magar region.

Hindus bathe during this festival. These include Shankham on the Bagmati near Patan; Triveni, Devghat near Chitwan Valley and Ganges/Narayani dam at Ridi on Kaligandaki; and the Sun Koshi at Dolalaghat on the banks of the Koshi. Festive snacks like laddu, ghee, and potatoes are distributed.

Capricorn 2024 -:

The first festival of 2024, Makar Sankranti, is approaching. Makar Sankranti occurs when Lord Sun enters Capricorn. The festival of Makar Sankranti is of great importance in Hinduism. Bathing and giving alms on the occasion of Makar Sankranti and at auspicious times produces good character. 

 When is Makar Sankranti 2024 :-

In 2024, Makar Sankranti will fall on January 15, 2024. On this day, Lord Sun leaves Sagittarius and enters Capricorn at 02:54 am.  It would be wonderful to worship and love in this wonderful time.

Makar Sankranti 2024 Date, Time and Best Time:-

One of the most celebrated festivals in India, Makar Sankranti is an Indian festival that marks the end of winter as the sun moves from the southern hemisphere to the northern hemisphere. From Sagittarius to Capricorn, people celebrate the sunset, pay homage to the sun god, and pray for a good harvest. Though the names and festivals vary from region to region, India will come together to celebrate this wonderful festival.

Makar Sankranti 2024 falls on Monday, January.

There are still 1 month and 4 days left in the case.

Makar Sankranti 2024 Punya Kal Muhurt: January 15, 7:14 AM - 12:36 PM (Time: 5 hours 22 minutes)

Maha Punya Kal Muhurt: January 15, 7:14 am. - 9:02 a.m. (Time: 1 hour 48 minutes).

Solstice: Jan. 15 at 2:45 p.m

Understand the importance of this festival by knowing the exact day, time, calendar, choghadia, and other information related to Makar Sankranti.

When is Makar Sankranti celebrated? Astrology after Makar Sankranti :-

In 2023, even if the time of Sankranti or Sankranti Muhurat falls on January 14 at 8:49 pm, Makar Sankranti will occur on January 15th.

So why is Makar Sankranti celebrated on January 15 when the Sankranti 2023 season falls on January 14?

Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the Hindu calendar (month) of Magh. However, unlike other Hindu festivals whose dates change every year, Makar Sankranti falls on January 14 or 15 every year. This is because the festival is based on the solar calendar and not the lunisolar calendar (Hindu calendar). Since the solstice is a solar event, it is celebrated on the same day January 14 every year. However, in India, the Sun sometimes enters the Capricorn sign (Rasha / Nakshatra) after sunset on the 14th, hence January 15 is celebrated as the Sun entering the Capricorn sign (Capricorn sign) in these years. He had prepared, Uttarayana also marks the beginning of the holy season which is considered an auspicious time to attain ‘mukti’.

In another story of the epic Mahabharata, Bhishma is supposed to wait for Uttarayana to breathe his last. Bhishma was severely wounded in the Mahabharata war and the arrow pierced his entire body. He waited forty-one nights for this bell before he killed himself. He waited for the auspicious day of Uttarayana and took his last breath to free himself from this cycle of rebirth.

What does good time mean:-

Makar Sankranti time 2023 as Vedic scriptures

In Sanskrit, "Punya" means meritorious, virtuous, or holy, "Kal" means time, and usually "Punyakal" means "sacred time". When the Sun moves from one sign to another for a short period, it is present in both signs. This time is called the religious time which is considered to be the most auspicious for everyone to benefit from the zodiac and activities such as bathing, worshiping the sun, and charity (mercy and charity). should be done during this time. . . . . , According to "Muhurat Chintamani" Makar Sankranti Punya Kala is counted as 16 valleys from the time of Sankranti (about 6 hours 24 minutes) or one hour after sunrise, if the time of Sankranti is after sunset, the maximum of Makar Sankranti Punya Kala. is considered auspicious as the beginning of Uttarayana (summer solstice).

The worship time is mentioned in Narada Purana and Muhurta Chintamani as 16 ghats (6 hours 24 minutes). According to this, the auspicious time of Makar Sankranti 2023 is from January 15 at 10 am starting at 7:14 pm and ending at 1:38 pm.

However, Sangraha Shiromani and Brihad Jyotish Sar say that Makar Sankranti is a worship period of 40 ghats (16 hours). According to Punyakali, the time is January 15 from 7:14 am to 11:14 pm. But since Punya time is only observed during the day, it is usually observed from sunrise to sunset, which starts at 1000 and 7:14 am. and ends on January 15 at 10 a.m. 5:57 p.m.

The holiday of Makar Sankranti falls between 2020 and the day of the year

2020 - Wednesday, January 15

2021 - Thursday 14 January

2022 - Friday 14th January

2023 - Sunday 15 January

2024 - Monday 15 January

2025 - Tuesday 14 January

2026 - Wednesday 14 January

2027 - Friday,January 15th

2028 - Saturday 15 January

2029 - Sunday 14 January


Full Information Of Makar Sankranti Pongal 1.jpg


This day marks the change of seasons: the end of winter and the beginning of hot and humid days.